Picture this: in the middle of the night, you wake up with the most excruciating toothache. You can’t pin down the problem; mere pressure on your teeth is a no-go, and painkillers won’t work. Sounds like both a figurative and literal headache! What you’re probably experiencing is a pulp infection, and you might require a root canal treatment.
Before beginning with what the procedure entails, familiarizing yourself with the tooth anatomy is a must. Your tooth is made up of three layers: the outer layer is called the enamel, the middle layer is the dentin, which forms the tough tooth casement, and the inner layer is the pulp. The tooth pulp is a connective tissue filled with blood vessels and nerve endings that carry the sensations and pain.
Root Canal Treatment in Turkey
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Dental Pulp Infection
Medically known as pulpitis, it is essentially inflammation of the tooth pulp.
There are two types of pulpitis
- Reversible, where the inflammation is still yet confined to the pulp. This means pain is usually felt when exposed to hot or cold stimuli. The pain is usually fleeting and goes away within minutes. A simple tooth filling usually is the perfect fix.
- Irreversible, the swelling produced by inflammation creates pressure in the pulp. This causes the blood vessels to be closed off, and thus, nutrients won’t reach the tissue. Tissues consequently start to die. In this type, the pain is usually intolerable and not responsive to painkillers.
What Causes a Pulp Infection?
For a pulp infection to occur, an unnatural path is created between the three layers of the tooth. This will cause the bacteria to travel through this path, leading to infection along the way.
- Carries and decaying of the tooth
- Cracked teeth and fractures as with teeth grinding
- Multiple dental procedures
What if the pulp infection is left untreated?
An untreated infection, especially in the innermost layer of your tooth, can start spreading into the tissue; this can lead to
- Periodontitis: which is inflammation of the gum. This is since the tooth is embedded in the gum, the infection can spread easily from the core to the surrounding gum tissue. This can lead to bleeding on touching your gum and bad mouth odor.
- Abscess: this occurs when the bacteria become localized, creating a sac filled with yellow material, pus. This can cause fever and intense pain and must be drained surgically.
- Sinusitis: is inflammation of the air spaces surrounding your nose. The infection can spread from the tooth through your upper jaw.
When to seek help?
- Pain: when the pain is unrelenting and doesn’t go away, whether by painkillers or other home remedies, then this is a serious sign that you should consult your doctor.
- Sensitivity: exposure to cold or hot stimuli, such as ice or coffee, eliciting pain can also be a red flag. This is due to the nerve ending in the pulp being irritated by the infection.
- Single discolored teeth: this can be due to a plethora of reasons, such as smoking or drinking tea and coffee. However a single discolored tooth can be a warning sign to immediately seek medical help. This is due to pressure on the blood vessels; thus, not enough nutrients are reaching the tissues, causing their death and loss of normal tooth color.
Root Canal Therapy
A root canal therapy is the procedure your dentist will employ in order to treat the infection and alleviate the pain.
Before starting the procedure, your dentist will first hear and analyze your complaint before proceeding to the examination part. Your dentist will start examining your teeth, gums, and jaw for any tell-tale signs. These include caries and cracked or fractured teeth. The pain is usually difficult to localize, and your dentist might perform a ‘percussion test’ so you can pin down exactly where the pain is coming from.
After the examination, coming the dental x ray part. This will allow your dentist to make more in-depth observations of the situation at hand to decide the correct course of action.
Once a root canal treatment is agreed upon, your dentist will start by injecting a local anesthetic to numb the area in order to start the procedure.
A special drilling device will be used to create a canal starting from the top of the tooth, going through layers until reaching the pulp/ root. This is how the treatment got its name. This creates a pathway where the dentist can assess the condition of the pulp. The pulp is then thoroughly removed to get rid of the infected tissue. A pulp chamber cleaning can be done, where the pulp walls are cleaned with an agent, such as alcohol, to disinfect the place. After all dead tissue is thoroughly removed, a filling is inserted to fill the place of the pulp area and the created canal; the material used is called gutta-percha. A crown is then inserted to enforce the tooth.
Is Root Canal Treatment Painful?
During the procedure, anesthesia is applied, and you won’t feel a thing! Moreover, once the pulp is removed, you can feel immediately relieved. Naturally you might feel slight discomfort or pain in the following days, however pain killers usually alleviate it.
How Long A Root Canal Usually Last?
Multiple sources, including the American Association of Endodontists, cite a high success rate of up to 90% up to 10 years with this treatment.
Does Teeth Become Weaker After Root Canal?
Drilling into the tooth can naturally weaken it. This is exactly the purpose of the crown creating reinforcement.
Do All Root Canals Need A Crown?
Naturally, certain factors can affect it. This includes the quality of restoration and the age, as older teeth are more brittle, and location. Frontal teeth are not exposed to the same amount of pressure as back teeth and, thus, might not always require a crown.
Conditions affecting the pulp can lead to severe discomfort. Immediate seeking of dental help should be sought after. This is to remedy the pain, treat the infection, and limit the complications.
Root pain keeping you at night? Don’t hesitate to book the nearest appointment at DentSpa. With qualified professionals and top-quality facilities, your root canal will be a walk in the park!